Classification of languages ​​Australian Aborigines

12 Апрель, 2010

  

  

  

The classification is based on the works of Nick Evans and his colleagues, identifying the main gaps to other classifications.

Классификация языков аборигенов Австралии* Nyulnyulskaya family (Nyulnyulan) (8 languages ​​in the two branches)

* Vororskaya (Wororan) (7-12 languages ​​in the three branches of) , consisting of three independent families: Worrora, И Ungarinjin Wunambal]

* Punupskaya (Bunuban) (2 language in the two branches)

* Tyarrakskaya (Jarrakan / Djeragan) (3-5 languages ​​in the two branches)

* Йиррамская (tyamyntyunhskaya; Yirram; 2-4 Languages)

* Deyliyskaya (Daly; 11-19 languages ​​in five branches)

* Smaller families and isolated / unclassified languages ​​in northern Peninsula Arnhem Land

on Larakiâ (Laragiya; Isolate, previously teamed with vulna)

o Limilnganskaya (Limilngan; 2 Language: vulna and lymilngan)

o Ngunbuth (Ngunbudj/ Gundudj; unclassified, sometimes included in the Umbacarl family)

o Ngatshuk (Ngarduk; unclassified)

o Kakuty (Gaagudju / Kakadu; Isolate, possibly included in the Arnhemland macrossy, previously combined with kunvinkukuki tongues)

o Umbucarla (Umbugarla; Isolate, possibly part of the Arnhemland macro family or the Umbukarl family)

o Ngurmbur (Ngurmbur; possibly part of the macro-Pama-Newng macro-family)

o Bukunita (Bugunidja; unclassified, sometimes included in the Umbacarl family)

o Kunthiimi (Kundjey'mi; unclassified)

o Kiimpia (Manger; Giimbiyu; 3 Language; possibly included in the Arnhemland macrossy)

* 12 (4-8 languages in 4 Branches; possibly included in the Arnhemland macrossy)

* Purarr (Burarran; 4 Language; possibly included in the Arnhemland macrossy, previously combined with kunwin pieces of tongues)

* Kunwinkuskaya (Gunwinyguan; 15-17 languages in 6 Branches; possibly part of the macro-Pama-Newng macro-family)

* Enintillacwa (Enindhilyagwa /Andilyaugwa; Isolate; sometimes included in the Kunwinku family)

* WestBarc (3 Language; Dixon joins Mindie family as East Mindi)

* Karavskaya (Garawan; 1-2 Language; enters the Pam-Newng-Tankic Nadem)

* Tankian (Tankic; 4 Language; enters the Pam-Newng-Tankic Nadem)

* Minkin is an unclassified language, possibly refers to the South Korean or Tankian languages.

* Actually The Pama-Newng Family (about 175 languages in 14 Branches)

o major linguistic branches in Pama-nyungskoy family are pamanskie languages ​​and south-western languages ​​of Australia - 43 and 52 separate languages, respectively.

The recently proposed superfamily and macrofamily:

* Mindiyskaya (Mirndi) - Proposed by Dixon, includes yirramskie (West Mindi) and zapadnobarkliyskie languages (East Mindi)

* Arnemlendskaya macrofamily (Arnhem Land macrofamily) - Proposed H. Evans, includes purarrskuyu, ivatyanskuyu, kiimpiyuskuyu families and isolates Kakuta and umbukarla (не путать с «Arnhem Land group» Диксона, which corresponds to kunvinkuskoy and purarrskoy families and isolates, and Kakuta enintilyakva)

* Macro-Pama-nyungskaya macrofamily - also offered N.Ivansom, includes:

o kunvinkuskaya family

o ngurmbur - question

Pama-o-nyungsko tankiyskaya superfamily:

+ tankiyskaya family

+ karavskaya family

+ Pama-nyungskaya family

 

 

 

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