Horticulture and grains Australia

14 Февраль, 2010



Cultivation of crops is limited mainly eastern and south-eastern peripheral regions of Australia, less developed in the south-west Western Australia and Tasmania.

After 1950, when it was planted 8 млн. га, there was a significant increase in acreage, up to a record-urovhectare 22 млн. ha 1984. Subsequently, the adverse climatic and economic factors have reduced the acreage to 17 млн. га , but then again began to grow - up to 19,4 млн. hectare per year.hectaremillion

The greatest value of wheat grain has, grown in areas with an average annual rainfall of 380-500 mm. It accounts for more than half of the total crop area. Mainly it is winter-crop, which is very sensitive to drought.

Barley and oats - important winter crops. They are used as animal feed, and planted the stubble - such sites often serve grazing. Australia - one of the world's leading exporters of oats; his collection in 1995-1996 was 1,9 млн. T Square 1,1 млн. hectarmillion

For the production of barley in the lead South Australia. Part of the crop goes to the malt, else - for animal feed or for export. Among other crops corn stand (mainly used for fodder), sorghum (grown for grain and fodder), triticale (a hybrid of wheat and rye), and from oilseeds - groundnut, sunflower, safflower, canola and soybean. In the 1990s, increased plantings of canola.

Blshaya part (98%) Rice is grown on irrigated land along the rivers Murray and Murrumbidgee (in the lower part of the valley) the south New South Wales. Expanding cultivation of rice in Квинсленде.

The cultivation of sugar cane is limited to the coastal area east Queensland and northern New South Wales, and part of it was exported blshaya.

Cotton crops in Australia are confined mainly to arable land. The main areas of cotton - the valleys of the Namoya, Guidir and McIntyre in New South Wales and the District of Burke. Australia meets its needs in the short- and of medium cotton, but has to import long-staple cotton.

Vegetable gardening meets the needs of Australian, and in the last decade the area under vegetables increased, and the range of crops grown. , intended for fresh consumption, is still grown in small farms intensively cultivated suburban, development of transport contributed to the establishment of vegetable farms in areas with the most suitable soils and low cost of land. Most of the vegetables for canning and freezing is produced in irrigated areas.



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