Istanbul. Travel in antiquity

7 May, 2014

  

Istanbul, Turkey.

Briefly about the city

Bosphorus flows between two parts of Istanbul, United bridge. This Asian and European (the main) part. It is considered the largest city in Turkey, the main port of the country, cultural, trade and industrial center. The city also is a scientific center of the country. Is the third largest in Europe. The bulk of the population are Muslims. As everyone knows, According to the number of registered marriages is leading City Las Vegas, and Istanbul ranked second.

Important dates and events

It is believed, that first colony Halkedon was founded by Greek settlers, coming from Megara, in 659 BC. e. Now this place is one of the districts of the city, which is known as Kadıköy.

To 74 year BC. e. the city is constantly attacked. The cause of the attacks served as a strategic location of the city, his ability to control the trade routes on the Strait of Bosphorus. Later the city came into the power of Rome. When Septimii went North civil war, There were frequent raids of barbarians, Therefore, from its buildings only partially preserved times Hippodrome.

  

  

In 311 year narekaet Constantine the great city of Constantinople, New Rome. In the same year, he declares Constantinople the capital of the Roman Empire.

When the Empire disintegrated, Constantinople at this time became the capital of the Byzantine Empire and it was still over the Millennium. In 1204 the Crusaders looted the city, install it to the Latin Empire 1261 year. Then in 1453 year city seized by the Turks, and then it became the capital of the Ottoman Empire already.

Geography and location

Location of the town falls on the north-western part of Turkey. The city is dominated by a hilly area. The area of the city, over 5 Thd. km ^ 2. The main part of the city is located in Europe. Its geographical location is very convenient to order, that town is in two parts of the world simultaneously on the way from the Black Sea to the Marmara Sea.

Istanbul at sunset.


Climatic conditions

Istanbul is situated in the extreme zone, subtropical climate, but, in spite of this, have a significant impact on him cold winds from the North. Winter average temperature is kept around 6 градусов Цельсия. In Istanbul in winter cold enough and wet, and almost every winter in snow. Spring and autumn are frequent sudden changes in temperature, but spring and autumn are generally mild. Summer in the city is quite hot. The average temperature during this period is held at 24 градуса Цельсия. Summer in mostly sunny, cloudy weather during the summer, Istanbul is a rarity.degrees Celsius

 

 

 

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