The Labour Movement 1890, the emergence of trade unions

12 Февраль, 2010

  

  

  

Professional organizations in Australia have the 1850s, when the Association of Builders began agitating for an 8-hour day. However, unions began to exert great influence on the policy after 1890. By this time the miners, Sailors, dockers and sheep shearer were united in unions. After unsuccessful strikes 1890-1892 strengthened the advocates of political action. At this time the Labour Party was formed.

Working movement of 1890-1930s advocated immigration restriction, especially from Asia and Pacific Islands; the termination of activity of enterprises with sweatshops; the introduction of systems for the control of wages and arbitration; old-age pensions.

In Victoria фабричное законодательство было принято в 1885, и в течение 1890-х годов во всех колониях быстро последовало утверждение законов о регулировании деятельности предприятий и рудников, о здравоохранении, about the early closing of shops and control regime for ships. Обязательный арбитраж при трудовых спорах в промышленности и государственное упорядочение цен были впервые введены в Южной Австралии в 1894, а в остальных колониях – в 1901.

В период с 1860 by 1900 все австралийские колонии, кроме Нового Южного Уэльса, стремились поддержать промышленность путем введения покровительственных тарифов. Сокращение доходов от добычи россыпного золота вызвало безработицу, и Виктория вынуждена была обратиться к таможенным пошлинам в поиске источника доходов, поскольку там не было больших поступлений от продажи королевских земель, in New South Wales.

System of protective measures in Victoria was imposed by influential group of entrepreneurs, workers and politicians, look for sources of revenue, not subject to direct taxation. Different political courses of Victoria and New South Wales caused a lot of controversy on the border of these colonies.

 

 

 

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