Tasmanian Devil

29 Декабрь, 2010

  

Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus laniarius)- Carnivorous marsupial mammal of the family, Tasmanian devil is also called the Tasmanian devil, or marsupial devil.

Tasmanian Devil - the largest of the modern marsupial predator the size of a small dog, than resembling a miniature bear. The body length is 50-80 cm Tasmanian Devil, tail - 23-30 cm. Males larger than females, large male weighs up to 12 kg at a height of up to 30 cm.

The body of the Tasmanian devil clumsy and massive, are strong and short, front legs slightly longer than the hind, large claws, disproportionately large head with a blunt snout, small ears, the tail is short and stout. Wool short Tasmanian devil, usually black, usually on the chest are white spots, small round spots are also on the sides.

Do Tasmanian devil strong jaws and sharp teeth of the massive, like a hyena, are adapted for crushing and cutting the bone. Tasmanian Devil is able to bite one bite its prey spine or skull, Tasmanian devil bite force - the highest among mammals, in strength exceeds even the lion bite.

The Tasmanian devil is a very greedy, it is equal to the daily rate of food 15% of body weight, Tasmanian devil feeds on small and medium-sized animals and birds, and insects, snakes, amphibians, edible roots and tubers of plants. Often wanders along the banks of water bodies, finding and eating frogs and crayfish, and on the coast - small sea creatures, stranded. However, most of the mining devil gets a falling; using their sense of smell, he finds and devours all the bodies - from fish to dead sheep and cows, and prefers to have decayed, rotten and worm-eaten meat. His constant prey includes dead wombats, wallaby, kangaroo rats, Rabbits. Besides the extravagance, Tasmanian Devil, different promiscuity in food, prey it eats the whole, together with skin and bones.

  

  

Tasmanian Devil, very aggressive and ferocious beast, if suddenly disturbed emit a strong unpleasant smell, like a skunk.
At rest devil rather slow and clumsy, but in an emergency move to gallop, accelerating momentum up 13 km / h.

Tasmanian devils are strictly solitary; the only situation, when several devils get together, - A joint devouring large prey. The meal is accompanied by a hierarchical clashes, loud noise and lots of frightening sounds: from monotonous growl and deaf "coughing" to creepy, guiding really panic, scream, Make him a bad name.

Female 20-30 brings the average young, of which survive only 2-3 cubs, maximum life Tasmanian devil - 7-8 years. Due to aggressive nature and nocturnal, adult Tasmanian devil few natural enemies. Tasmanian devils are sometimes the victims of predatory birds, tiger tiger-cat, marsupial wolf, dingo, but the main enemy – byknovennaya fox, illegally imported into Tasmania 2001 g.

Tasmanian devils are found only in the central, northern and western parts of the island Tasmania, as well as in the national parks of Tasmania.

AT 1941 g. Tasmanian devil was on the verge of extinction, and the law was passed to protect, whereby the population of Tasmanian devils was able to restore, and now they are quite numerous.

 

 

 

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