Great Victoria Desert

13 Май, 2010


Большая пустыня Виктория (Great Victoria Desert)Большая пустыня Виктория (Great Victoria Desert) - Sandy-saline desert, located in the state Western Australia and South Australia.
Great Victoria Desert - the largest desert of Australia, occupies 4% area of ​​the continent, eë
area 424 400 км², at the same length from east to west is over 700 km.

To the north of the Great Victoria Desert is located Gibson Desert, Hugo k - plane Nallarbor. The average annual rainfall varies from 200 to 250 mm of rain, thunderstorms often occur. Daytime temperatures in summer is 32-40 ° C, 18-23 ° C in winter. Due to the unfavorable climatic conditions in the desert is not any agricultural activity. It is a protected area of ​​Western Australia.

On the territory of South Australia in the wilderness is protected zone Mamungari ( Mamungari Conservation Park), one 12 Biosphere Reserves of Australia.

Great Victoria Desert inhabited by several groups Australian Aborigines, including tribes and kogara mirning.
The name of the desert gave British explorer Ernest Giles, in honor of Queen Victoria. Ernest Giles in the 1875 was the first European to cross the desert.






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