Южная Австралия (South Australia) - Staff at the center of the southern part of Australia. The population of the State of 1.5 million. The area is located on state lands driest continent, and its total area 984,377 square kilometers, making it the fourth largest Australian state. In the west, bordered by Western Australia, on the north - Northern Territory and Квинслендом, on the east - Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. On the southern side bordering the Great Australian Bight and the Southern Ocean, which protrude into the peninsula Eyre, York and Floro.
The average temperature in the state is 29 ° C in January and 15 ° C in July. Daytime temperatures in some parts of the state can reach 48 ° C in January and February.
By the number of people the state has the fifth largest in the country. Most of the population lives in the state capital of Adelaide, and the majority of rural residents - in the fertile areas along the southeast coast and in the pool Murray River.
State of Economy based on agriculture, manufacturing and mining.
The main sectors of agriculture are growing grain, Wine and sheep. More than half of all Australian wines are produced zdes.Yuzhnaya Australia borders on all States and Territories of the country, except for the Federal Capital Territory and Tasmania. Territory, now known as the Northern Territory, was annexed to South Australia 1863 and was transferred to federal jurisdiction in 1911, became a separate territory.
The manufacturing sector plays an important role in the economy of the State, providing 15 % South Australia's GDP and a significant portion of exports. The state is situated production of automobiles and their components, pharmaceutical and defense companies. The economy of South Australia for export oriented more, than the economy as any other Australian state. Revenues from exports account for about 10 billion Australian dollars a year.
The volume of the food industry and agriculture, the state is about 10 billion Australian dollars.
Vocational education is provided by TAFE college system statewide.In South Australia there are three universities: University of Adelaide, Flinders University and the University of South Australia. All of them are located in Adelaide, at the University of South Australia also has campuses in Uayalla and Mount Gambier. Branch Carnegie Mellon University, and "Center of Entertainment Technology" is also located in Adelaide.