‘climate’

Horticulture and grains Australia

  

  

  

Cultivation of crops is limited mainly eastern and south-eastern peripheral regions of Australia, less developed in the south-west Western Australia and in Tasmania.

After 1950, when it was planted 8 млн. га, there was a significant increase in acreage, up to a record-urovhectare 22 млн. ha 1984. Subsequently, the adverse climatic and economic factors have reduced the acreage to 17 млн. га , but then again began to grow - up to 19,4 млн. hectare per year.hectareMillion

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Coal deposits of Australia

Coal deposits near the Newcastle operated with 1800, and coal was one of the first items of Australian exports. Anthracite coal, and rare poluantratsitnye, but other types of coal reserves are large.

The main deposits of bituminous (coking and steam) carbons are in the Bowen Basin (in Квинсленде) and Sydney (in New South Wales); Some layers reach a power 18 m and can be developed by open (particularly in the Bowen Basin).

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The emergence of the Commonwealth

The emergence of the Commonwealth of Australia was the first event of the twentieth century. Decision on its establishment in force 1 January 1901. But it was still not enough time, before the Australian continent have an independent nation and mature industrial society, we see today.

Australia came into the twentieth century. in a state of economic recovery, who succeeded depression, caused by the crisis of sheep. Over 90 doubled crop spare, and although livestock continued to dominate the economy of the country, agriculture has become more diversified.

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