‘life’

Australia in World War I

  

  

  

When 1914 the war broke out, Labour Prime Minister of Australia Andrew Fisher promised to help Great Britain "to the last man and the last shilling". Australian troops have received the baptism of fire at Gallipoli (Italy) 25 April 1915. Since then, this day is celebrated as the day of commemoration of the soldiers of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.

After the evacuation of Gallipoli in December 1915 Australian troops were deployed to France. At the very end 1916 Labour Prime Minister W. M. Hughes acknowledged the need for the introduction of conscription. However, his political opponents forced a referendum on the issue, and the proposal was rejected by.

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Interwar period, Australia

After the war, the country was experiencing an economic boom. В 1923 starting a business, "Holden" marked the beginning of the Australian automotive industry. В 1925 "Ford" has opened a branch on the maInland. The development received and other new industries, including electricity.

In 1927 trade unions were united in the Australian Council of Trade Unions.

During the post-war boom has increased the influx of emigrants into the country. By the early 30's the population reached 6,5 millions of people.

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Antileyboristskoe government and joining the League of Nations

As a major producer of primary raw materials, Australia quickly felt the impact of falling prices on the world market in 1929-1931. To overcome the difficult situation, federal government cut salaries in the public sector, pensions and interest on the bonds.

Arbitration Court decided to reduce 10% real wages. Rate of the national currency stabilized at obescenennom level. Union Bank has agreed to provide loans for public works for the unemployed and aid to agriculture, to cover the public deficit.

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