Norfolk Island

8 May, 2010

  

Остров Нoрфолк (Norfolk Island) Остров Нoрфолк (Norfolk Island) - A small inhabited island in the Pacific, Located between Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand. Norfolk - the main island of the group of islands, components of the outer area. The island 34,6 miles., length of the coastline around 32 km.

The highest point of the island - Mount Baytes (319 m), located on the north-west of the island. Beaches Norfolk Island high and steep. Much of the island is covered by arable land and pastures. Possession of Australia with the status of foreign territory 1913 year.

The largest and most important settlement on the island is the town of Burnt Pine,Located in the heart of the island.

The population of Norfolk - 2,1 тыс. (assessment in July 2009),20,2 % population under the age of 14 лет, 63,9 % - From 15 before 64 лет, 15,9 % - Older 65 лет.years

About half of the island's inhabitants - descendants of settlers from Pitcairn Island, Anglo-Polynesian Métis. Others - white Australians, New Zealanders, British, and Polynesians.
Religion: Anglicans 31,8 %, Catholics 11,5 %, United Church of Australia 10,6 %, Seventh-day Adventists 3,2 %, other Christians 5,6 %, Atheists 19,9 %, undecided 16,6 % (Census 2006 year).

  

  


The Islanders, в основном, speak English, as well as Creole, known as the Norfolk, formed as the 1700s as a mixture of English and Tahitian language. In 2005 Norfolk, the language was the official language of Norfolk.

The climate is subtropical island, with little seasonal variation.

Norfolk - an attractive place for tourists, Located on the island Norfolsksky Island National Park, occupies about 10 % the island of Norfolk Island and the entire Nepean and Phillip. The park has preserved the unique subtropical rain forests, including the famous Norfolk pine tree - a symbol of the territory.

The island was discovered by Captain Cook in 1774. On 1788 the island was used as a place of exile for prisoners in England. В 1814 colony was abandoned as an expensive, but 1825 , the prison was again restored. Island, which would remain peaceful Pacific paradise, on 30 years has turned into a colony with strict regime, until finally the prison was closed in 1854 year. В 1856 moved to Norfolk of the inhabitants of Pitcairn Island, and was created by local government, was under the control of the governor of the British colony of New South Wales. В 1913 Norfolk received the status of the Australian "external territory" and was managed by an administrator, appointed by the Government of Australia.In

 

 

 

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