Australia's Foreign Policy and Defense Council

12 February, 2010


The Australian Government, though he did not have autonomy in foreign policy, showed a clear interest in the Pacific. Australian delegates defended their country's interests at the conference on colonies 1902 and at imperial conferences 1907 and 1911. In 1909 was established as High Commissioner for Australia in London.

Australia made no specific claims to an independent foreign policy, but wanted to convey their wishes to the British Government and obtain information about the policy of Great Britain. Australia has also expressed interest in national defence.

In 1905 был создан Совет обороны, и федеральный закон 1909 утвердил принцип обязательной военной подготовки. Была введена система обмена офицерами между британской армией и австралийскими соединениями. Сходные решения были приняты в отношении военно-морского флота страны, который был создан в 1909.



В период 1901–1914 население Австралии выросло с 3,75 млн. почти до 5 млн. people. Развитие экономики всячески поощрялось, и правительство демонстрировало уверенность в будущем, беря кредиты на проведение общественных работ, особенно на строительство железных дорог, сеть которых за эти годы увеличилась на 8 Thd. km. Число предприятий и рабочих возросло. To 1914 trade unions of the country was a big part of the population, and, in this regard, Australia ahead of other countries.

The Federal Government has committed itself to addressing issues of immigration policy, formerly controlled by the United States. It encouraged immigration from the UK and has enacted laws to limit the influx of immigrants from Asia and the Pacific.




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