The reform program G.Uitmena, "Buy Australian" in foreign capital

11 February, 2010

  

  

In 1972, после двадцатилетнего перерыва к власти вернулись лейбористы. Правительство Г.Уитмена стало осуществлять широкую программу реформ, важнейшими направлениями которой были: «новый федерализм» (усиление роли центра в проведении социальных программ), "Buy Australian" in foreign capital, ограничение деятельности иностранного капитала, девальвация доллара, State support for national capital, strengthening social programs, including the introduction of universal health insurance.

Эти меры вызвали всплеск инфляции и отток иностранного капитала из страны. В то же время ускорилось развитие национальной промышленности. В борьбе с инфляцией правительство снизило в 1973 import tariffs, that hit on national entrepreneurs. At the same time was established State control over prices. In 1973 из-за экологической опасности была приостановлена добыча урана, возобновленная в 1977.  Также  была отменена воинская повинность.

The national statist labor rate was supported by voters in elections 1974, but the Senate has blocked a small majority government legislative activities, including budget Act. Whitman proposed political reforms, которые облегчили бы преодоление конституционного кризиса и свели на нет влияние Великобритании на политическую жизнь Австралии.

In a worsening internal political Governor j. Caire violated political tradition and in October 1975 sent majority government resigned. Despite the campaign to protest the exclusion of Uitlema, in elections in December 1975 defeated liberal agrarian Coalition. Правительство М.Фрейзера сохранило основные нововведения лейбористов, отменив лишь наиболее дорогостоящие социальные меры.

После преобразований правительства Г.Уитлема (social insurance schemes, State support of urban construction, Education, poor, Aboriginal) and stabilization of the socio-economic situation in the late 70's the creation of the welfare state in Australia ended, federal government increased control over compliance with social and educational standards.

 

 

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