Platypus

23 Декабрь, 2010

  

Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)- Aquatic mammals monotremes, platypus on a number of features similar to reptiles, habitat of the platypus – Australia.

Platypus - a unique animal, and is one of the symbols of Australia, the platypus is shown in 20 cent Australian coin.

A quarter-century, scientists could not decide, which include the platypus - a mammal, birds, reptiles or even to a single class, while in 1824 г. German biologist Meckel not found, that the platypus did have breasts and the female nurses pups milk. That, that the platypus lays eggs, been proved only in 1884 г.g

The platypus is a very interesting animal, his mouth instead of a duck's beak, that allows him to eat in the mud, as birds. The body length of 30-40 cm platypus, tail - 10-15 cm, it weighs up to 2 kg, the body of the platypus has a squat, коротконогое; tail flattened, like a beaver's tail, but covered with hair, which considerably thins with age. The fur is thick it, soft, usually dark brown back and reddish or gray on the belly.
Gait on land platypus resembles reptiles walk - he puts his feet on the sides of the body.
Platypus - one of the few venomous mammals (along with some shrews and schelezubami), with toxic saliva.

  

Platypus - secretive nocturnal semi-aquatic animals, inhabiting the banks of small rivers and stagnant bodies of water east of Australia from the cold plateau Tasmania и Австралийских Альп до тропических дождевых лесов прибрежного Квинсленда. In the north of the habitat platypus comes to the Cape York Peninsula (Куктаун).

Platypus inhabits the banks of water bodies. It serves as a refuge a short straight hole (up to 10 m), with two inputs and the internal camera. One input of the underwater, the other is located in the 1,2 - 3,6 m above the water level, under the roots of trees or bushes.

The platypus is great swims and dives, remaining under water up to 5 minute. In the water it holds up 10 hours a day, since the day he needs to eat the amount of food, amounting to a quarter of its own weight. Platypus is active at night and at dusk. It feeds on small aquatic animals.

In nature, numerous enemies of the platypus. Occasionally he is attacked by lizard, python and swim in the river leopard.
Through 2 weeks after mating the female lays 01.03 (usually 2) eggs. Life expectancy in nature is unknown platypuses; in captivity they live an average of 10 years old.

Platypus previously served as target species due to the valuable fur, But at the beginning of XX century. hunting them was banned and now their population is relatively stable.

The Australians set up a special system of reserves and "safe havens", where platypus can feel safe. Among the most famous park in the state Hilsvill Victoria and West Burleigh in Queensland. Platypus - easily excitable, animal shy, so for a long time it was not possible to take out the platypus to zoos in other countries. Attempts to breed platypus in captivity failed a few times.

 

 

Последние записи:

Back to nature, Ch5

На фото: Dentri Rajnforest - dream traveler. Far North [more]

Port Douglas pays great attention to local culture, Ch4

During primary night view, traditional ceremony [more]

Why you simply must visit this Australian resort: Focus on local traditions, H. 3

David, my driver, came here from a suburb of Melbourne 30 years ago and [more]

Why you simply must visit this Australian resort, Ch. 2

Casual waterfall near your hotel number. Photo: News Corp [more]

Why the far North Queensland should be in the list of your travels

Why all celebrities, by George Clooney, up to four Clinton flock in [more]

This steep Quimper fits a whole apartment!

IoCamper transforms ordinary Quimper in apartment. This is what the, that can be [more]

Tourist trips: Leave all your worries at the beginning of the trails, Ч2

Hiking with a tent or in the mountains, as well as water-hikes require [more]

Adventure travel: Leave all your worries at the beginning of the trails, compilation

Return your life to basic necessities - food, water, shelter [more]

Back to nature, Ch5

На фото: Dentri Rajnforest - dream traveler. Far North [more]