The period between the wars in Australia

22 Апрель, 2021

  


In the 1920s 20 century Australia, where it arrived at the time 300000 new immigrants, began to develop rapidly. In 1920 year was created by "zantas", which served the airlines of the Northern Territory. В 1934 it performed its first international flights, and eventually became a national airline. Construction of the famous Sydney Harbour Bridge began in 1923 Year. Also this year was marked by the event of the creation of the first products under the brand "Vegemite". В 1925 Australia's population has reached the 6 million. But the optimism was short-lived.In

В 1929 Australia, as in many other countries around the world, Economic depression began. Prices for wool and wheat, Australia's major exports, catastrophically dropped. В 1931 a third of the country's total workforce were unemployed. Workers moved from place to place in search of work during the Great Depression. People spent the nightInn tents, in city parks; lots of workers, With belongings, placed in a shoulder bag, leaving the city, trying to find some work in the villages. The Great Depression has put Australia to a very difficult test.

In 1933 export prices rose again and production revived. with 1934 By 1937 year the economic state has improved, unemployment has disappeared. However, already in 1938 Australia rediscovers grim prospect of coming war.

  

  

Contrary to that, that the Second World War began between the Europeans, Australia again had to fight for its freedom and independence, Britain's so-called "historic homeland". But when Japan entered the war, Australia, how states have a big threat to their own security. Japan attacked from darwin air, Brum, as well as the famous Townsville in 1942 Year. After this event, the world war affected Australian lands for the first time. In the sequel to this 2 Small Japanese submarines arrive in Sydney Harbour. At this point, Britain has asked for additional military assistance. To the surprise of the British, they were first denied.

It was a major innovation in Australia's foreign policy, which meant a decrease in orientation towards the UK and rapprochement with the United States of America. Australians fought alongside Americans in the Pacific, and about 250 Thousands of U.S. soldiers visited Australia during World War II. All of this led to the signing of 1951 Australia, On the creation of a military and political alliance between new ealand and the United States.

This World War has left a huge mark on Australian society. The country lost order in the Second World War 30000 man killed, And about 180000 Australians were injured.

 

 

 

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